As part of the exhibit at the United Nations in New York City, GMS provided structural
calculations and reinforcing design for this self-built shelter - housing that can
be built quickly and inexpensively in stages depending on available resources. It
also allows for natural ventilation and illumination, is easily adaptable, and uses
locally available materials which can also be reused.
The Gabion House is constructed of sand, concrete blocks, gabions (metal mesh retaining
structures), and steel beams. The gabions are laid out in the desired location and
filled with rock or sandbags, and a small concrete slab is anchored with rebar at
the top. Secured steel beams provide structure for the inclined sheet-metal roof.
Concrete blocks and a layer of sand over compacted soil provide the interior flooring.
With all the material at hand, the construction process takes a team of five people
between five and seven days to complete the full layout
Architect: Arturo Ortiz Struck, Taller Territorial de México Client : Smithsonian
Institution, Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum Exhibit: Design with the Other
90%: CITIES exhibition, 2011.